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5/7/2012 8:13:00 AM
Zuni Origins & Ways of Knowing
MNA hosts annual Zuni Festival
Artists Yolanda Laate and Loren Panteah show their jewelry to festival visitors. (Photo by Michele Mountain  2010 MNA)
Artists Yolanda Laate and Loren Panteah show their jewelry to festival visitors. (Photo by Michele Mountain 2010 MNA)
Mark Romancito, Zuni Pueblo Band (Photo by Michele Mountain  2010 MNA)
Mark Romancito, Zuni Pueblo Band (Photo by Michele Mountain 2010 MNA)

FLAGSTAFF - At the headwaters of the Little Colorado River, at what is now western New Mexico, amidst wide red mesas, golden buttes, pinyon/juniper forests, and an expansive blue sky lies the scenic valley homeland of the A:shiwi or Zuni. They are descendants of an ancient Puebloan people who have lived at the Zuni Village for thousands of years and call Ribbon Falls their place of origin, where they emerged from Mother Earth within the Grand Canyon and migrated across the Colorado Plateau.

This is the 22nd year Zuni will gather at the Museum of Northern Arizona for the Zuni Festival of Arts and Culture, bringing with them cultural presentations, fine arts, music, and dances to explore A:shiwi philosophy, beliefs, worldviews, values, and current issues on the Zuni Indian Reservation. The festival is on Saturday, May 26 and Sunday, May 27 and is produced in partnership with the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center (AAMHC) in Zuni, New Mexico.

Heritage Program Manager Anne Doyle says, "Today's A:shiwi have managed to preserve their core beliefs and identity, while integrating useful parts of the outside world into their culture. They are often considered the most traditional of all of the Southwestern pueblo people." Doyle continues, "The Zuni language is known as an isolate, which is indicative of their physical and cultural isolation. Their language bears no similarity to any other known language and may have been spoken by many Southwestern populations in the distant past."

Director Jim Enote says, "The A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center emphasizes A:shiwi ways of knowing, while exploring other concepts of knowledge. The Zuni Festival provides an opportunity for the AAMHC to represent the Zuni people as a society that continues to define and influence the art, economy, and history of the Colorado Plateau. Practically everywhere you look around the region, you will see Zuni images, yet very few people know their connection to Zuni."

MNA Director Robert Breunig adds, "MNA's relationship with the Zuni people has been many years in the making, and assures that our dialog and cultural exchange about the Zuni people comes directly from the source. Their spiritual and ancestral landscape includes the Grand Canyon and the San Francisco Peaks, and their presence and influence on the Colorado Plateau was substantial. For that reason, it's important for the Flagstaff community to continue to enhance its understanding of this ancient culture."

Heritage Insight Presentations

Four cultural programs will be given by the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center staff. These presentations are funded in part by the Arizona Humanities Council.

The Zuni Emergence Migration Story

AAMHC Museum Technician Curtis Quam will once again tell the ever-popular story of the Zuni emergence and their migration to Halona Idiwana'a or the Middle Place of the World, today's Zuni Village. The tribe's history gives non-Zuni visitors a context for all they will be learning at the festival. Quam will also discuss the importance of language and cultural place names in the perpetuation of traditional Zuni identity.

Zuni Agriculture and Ancient Agricultural Techniques

AAMHC Director and farmer Jim Enote will present an outdoor presentation (weather permitting) on Zuni gardening and planting traditions learned in the dry, high altitude farming environment at Zuni and passed down through generations.

Zuni Art History

Zuni tribal member and archaeologist Dan Simplicio will introduce visitors to the complex history of Zuni art, an artistic continuum told through oral traditions.

The Zuni Museum Database

AAMHC Director Jim Enote will give a presentation on the Zuni Consolidated Collection System, a multi-museum database of Zuni cultural items. Enote will talk about how the Zuni people are often misrepresented in the museum world, museum collecting, and museum scholarship.

Archival Films and Photos from the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center

The AAMHC Photo and Motion Picture Archive contains approximately 4,500 still photos taken from the late 1800s to the present. The photographs include Smithsonian photos, photos donated by community members, photos of tribal programs, photos taken at Zuni schools, Indian Health Service photos, and Bureau of Indian Affairs project photos. A collection of 15 motion picture films were also made between 1923 to the present. A sampling of films and photos from the archive will be shown at the festival and Museum Technician Curtis Quam will cover the history of early filmmakers, who they were and why they were at Zuni Pueblo; controversies around the films and their makers; the content of the films; who can see the films today; and how these films are helping to reinforce Zuni identity.

Traditional Dancers

The Nawetsa Family Dancers bring the pageantry of traditional Zuni social dancing, with colorful headdresses, beaded and fringed arm bands, traditional woven outfits, and turquoise jewelry adding to their performances of dances symbolizing the dreams, visions, and beliefs of the A:shiwi.

The Olla Pottery Maidens, decorated with turquoise jewelry and traditional woven outfits, dance while carefully balancing water pots on their heads. The pots are indented on the bottom for this purpose and in the past, these same pots were used for carrying food and water.

The Zuni Pueblo Band

The Zuni Pueblo Band is one of the few remaining American Indian community bands in the U.S. today. They proudly wear the traditional Pueblo style of dress, with a red woven sash belt around the waist, a handmade concho belt, exquisite Zuni jewelry, and red leather moccasins. Membership in the band is open to all Zunis, regardless of age or experience. The Zuni Pueblo Band plays marches by John Phillip Sousa, K. L. King, Roland Seitz, and other well-known composers for parades and concerts.

Zuni Artists and Demonstrators

Eighty percent of Zuni families are involved in making fine arts. Through their distinctive sense of color and patterns, intricately crafted designs, and traditional symbols, they create some of the most sought after Native arts. Artist demonstrators will create artwork at the festival and talk with visitors about materials and designs they use, and award-winning artists will bring their unique pieces of Zuni art for sale.

Aric Chopito-weaving demonstrator

Rayland and Patty Edaakie-silver inlay jewelry demonstrators

Lorandina Sheshe-traditional fetish carving demonstrator

Todd Westika-contemporary fetish carving demonstrator

The Museum of Northern Arizona is located three miles north of downtown Flagstaff on Highway 180, the scenic route to the Grand Canyon. The Zuni Festival is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. both days, during regular Museum hours. Festival and regular Museum admission is $10 adults, $9 seniors (65+), $7 students with student ID, $6 American Indians (10+), and $6 youths (10-17).

More information about MNA is at musnaz.org. Information is also available by phone at (928) 774-5213.

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